Ford Focus was a 5-door hatchback model, also debuting a new 2.0L direct injection I4 engine. A 5-door estate will also be available at launch. The new generation launched simultaneously in North America and Europe in early 2011, with production having started in late 2010. Production in Asia, Africa, Australia and South America was scheduled to follow later but the plan for Australian production was later dropped and that market and New Zealand supplied, along with Asia, from a new factory in Thailand where output began in June 2012. This new generation of Focus incorporates a redesigned cabin with improved materials and new entertainment technologies.
Ford debuted the all-electric Ford Focus Electric at the Consumer Electronics Show in 2011 to compete with the Nissan Leaf and the Chevrolet Volt. Deliveries for fleet customers in the United States began in December 2011, and the release to retail customers took place by late May 2012. The electric car is available only in California, New York and New Jersey, in limited numbers. The European release is scheduled for late 2012
The ninth-generation Accord offers three powertrains: A new direct injected “Earth Dreams” 2.4 liter 16-valve DOHC 4-cylinder rated at 185 hp (138 kW) to 181 lb·ft (245 N·m) of torque paired with either a 6-speed manual or continuously variable transmission, an updated 3.5 liter 24-valve SOHC V6 mated either to a 6-speed manual or automatic rated at 278 hp (207 kW) and 252 lb·ft (342 N·m), and a hybrid powertrain that integrates a 2.0 liter Atkinson Cycle gasoline engine with an electric motor and lithium-ion battery pack. The hybrid uses a continuously variable transmission and is rated at 196 hp (146 kW) and 226 lb·ft (306 N·m). Both conventional and plug-in hybrid configurations will be offered, with the former expected to be released in summer 2013 and the latter in early 2013.
Two additional trim levels are added in North American markets. The Accord Sport Sedan is slotted between the LX and EX models and features a 2.4-Liter 16-valve DOHC 4-cylinder rated at 189 hp (141 kW) to 182 lb·ft (247 N·m) of torque, 18″ wheels and tires, dual exhaust, a decklid spoiler, fog lights, and steering wheel mounted paddle shifters on models equipped with the continuously variable transmission. The Accord Touring Sedan is the lineup’s flagship. It is available with either four cylinder or V6 engines in Canada; U.S. Touring models are equipped with the V6 engine exclusively.New safety features include an optional forward collision warning system, lane departure warning system and blind spot monitor. Highline models (EX, EX-L, and Touring grades) offer Smart Key, LED daytime running lamps, headlamps, and tail lamps; and an adaptive cruise control system.
The 2004 model year saw the introduction of the official turbocharged Mazdaspeed MX-5, Roadster Turbo in Japan. It featured an IHI RHF5 VJ35 turbocharger equipped variant of the BP-4W engine that produced 180 bhp (134 kW) at 6000 rpm with a front-mounted air-to-air intercooler. The MAZDASPEED could reach 60 mph (97 km/h) in 6.2 seconds but had a top speed of only 203 km/h (126 mph) due to its low 6,500 rev limiter With its upgraded suspension and wider tires, the Mazdaspeed model could pull over 0.98 g in lateral grip. Other features included upgraded 6-speed transmission and clutch assemblies, upgraded drivetrain components, Racing Hart 17 in (430 mm) alloy wheels, special interior trim. Perhaps the most obscure detail change of the MazdaSpeed overhaul of the MX-5 was the fitment of a custom, lightweight oil dipstick. The 2004 Mazdaspeed MX-5 was only available in Velocity Red Mica and Titanium Gray Metallic for the US-market and Velocity Red Mica for the Canadian-market while the 2005 model was available additionally in Lava Orange Mica and Black Mica in the US-market, with Canada receiving only Titanium Grey Mica. Of the 5,428 Mazdaspeed MX-5s produced during model years 2004 and 2005, 4,000 were produced in 2004; the 2005 production run was shortened to only 1428, due to a fire at the production facility. This model was also marketed in Australia as an MX-5 SE without any Mazdaspeed branding (exhaust tip excluded), featured 3.63 diff gears and was available in Sunlight Silver as well as Velocity Red Mica, Titanium Gray Metallic and Black Mica for 2005. It was also slightly detuned with only 121 kW (162 bhp). Boost pressure was 7.25 psi (0.5 bar) for Australian model vs 8.5 psi (0.6 bar) of the North American and Japanese models which is the main contributor to the power difference.
The Škoda Superb is a large family car primarily built by the Czech car manufacturer Škoda Auto as its flagship car. The first version produced from 2001 to 2008 is based on the platform of the Volkswagen Passat and shares its major mechanicals and powertrain, but are elongated by 10 centimetres (3.9 in). The second version is not based on Passat anymore and overcame him on many professional tests, it is currently the largest and most luxurious model in Škoda’s model range.
the Volkswagen Group B6 PQ46, this new Superb is a five-door five-seat liftback saloon/sedan, with an innovative tailgate that can double as a regular separate saloon boot, and full liftback, known as ‘Twin-Door’. Being based on the Octavia A5 platform, this latest Superb now utilises a transverse engine layout.
The Škoda Superb 3,6 FSI 4×4 is currently Škoda’s most luxurious and fastest production car, with a top speed 250 km/h and acceleration of 0–100 km/h in 6,5 seconds.
Superb includes Bi-Xenon headlamps with AFS and headlamp washers, front proximity sensors, park assist system, tyre pressure monitoring system, navigation system and large 6.5” colour touch-screen display, TV broadcast receiver, electrically adjustable seat and mirrors, rain sensors, sunroof with solar panels that allow a parked car the circulation of cool air and cooling tray for drinks, changer for 6 CDs with a slot for an SD or MMC card, heated seats and ventilated front seats upholstered in leather, with 633 litres of the luggage space.
It was named Luxury Car of the Year in 2009 by Top Gear Magazine. In the German magazine, Auto Motor und Sport, Superb won the first place at best cars of the 2012 survey with more than 22% votes in imported cars category.
MIEV (Mitsubishi In-wheel motor Electric Vehicle) or MiEV (Mitsubishi innovative Electric Vehicle) is the name given by Japanese automaker Mitsubishi Motors (MMC) to its alternative propulsion technologies.From late 2006, “MiEV” encompasses all of Mitsubishi Motors’s electric drive systems work, including lithium-ion batteries, in-wheel motors and other technologies related to electric vehicle(EV), hybrid-electric vehicle and fuel-cell vehicles.
The Mitsubishi In-wheel motor was first introduced in the Mitsubishi Colt EV, a Colt-based concept car first exhibited at 2005 Tokyo Motor Show which used a series of lithium-ion batteries to power electric motors located in the wheels.Subsequent electrically powered vehicles have included a 200 kW Lancer Evolution,and a battery-equipped Mitsubishi i kei car (i-MIEV).
MIEV motors are constructed using an in-wheel motor rotor, an in-wheel motor stator, a rotor bracket, stator bracket and inverter directly behind the brakes. The batteries can be charged from a standard 15 A/200 V car charger in seven hours and with a three-phase electric power charged in 25 minutes (for up to 80 percent of full capacity).The batteries are located under the floorpan and in the Colt uses 22 Li-ion modules to produce a cumulative 325 V. The design allows for an entirely electric vehicle, or a hybrid using the batteries to supplement a traditional internal combustion engine or a hydrogen fuel cell.
According to Mitsubishi, locating the motor behind the wheel offers the company three distinct advantages:
It allows for a four wheel drive system without need of transmission, driveshafts, differential gears or other complex mechanical components. Mitsubishi Motors has been one of the few companies to persist in offering 4WD on vehicles other than off-road vehicles since the technology’s heyday in the 1980s.
Placing the drive system entirely in the wheels allows for greater freedom of design for interior stylists.
The space created facilitates the storage of the batteries, allowing for extra modules to be fitted which would offer increased power and range compared to previous electric vehicles.
The Nissan GT-R is a sports car produced by Nissan released in Japan on December 6, 2007, Canada and the United States on July 7, 2008, and the rest of the world in March 2009.
Nissan chief creative officer, Shir? Nakamura, has likened the new GT-R to the giant robots of the Gundam series. Nakamura stated: “The GT-R is unique because it is not simply a copy of a European-designed supercar; it had to really reflect Japanese culture.”
The Nissan GT-R is powered by the VR38DETT engine, a 3,799 cc (3.8 L; 231.8 cu in) DOHC V6 with plasma transferred wire arc sprayed bores.Two parallel Ishikawajima-Nek-Harima Heavy Industries (IHI) turbochargers provide forced induction. Models manufactured between 2007 and 2010 produce a manufacturer-claimed engine output of 485 PS (357 kW; 478 hp) at 6400 rpm and 434 lb·ft (588 N·m) at 3200–5200 rpm. The engine also meets California Air Resources Board Ultra Low Emission Vehicle (ULEV) standards. A curb weight of 1,730 kg (3,800 lb) or 1,736 kg (3,830 lb) with side curtain airbags is achieved using a jig welded steel chassis with aluminum used for the hood, trunk, and doors.
Polyphony Digital, creators of the Gran Turismo series of racing video games, were themselves involved in the development of the GT-R, having been contracted to design the GT-R’s multifunction display.The GT-R is the star car of the current game Gran Turismo 5, whose title video features the production of the VR38DETT engine.
The Koenigsegg Agera R is a mid-engined sports car made by Swedish car manufacturer Koenigsegg as of 2011. The ‘R’ is a special edition Agera, which runs on biofuel, rather than petrol.The car made its debut at the March 2011 Geneva Motor Show — with a ‘Speed Racer’ livery theme, special Michelin tires and a Thule Roof Box — although its existence as a production car was already announced prior to this.
The Agera R can accelerate from 0–100 km/h (62 mph) in 2.9 seconds and a theoretical top speed of more than 420 km/h (260 mph), although this has not been officially verified.
Engineers at Koenigsegg have claimed that with special tires the car can reach a top speed of 440 km/h (272.8 mph).
On September 2 during test sessions in Ängelholm the Agera R broke six world land speed records for a production car, including 0–300 km/h (0–186.4 mph) in 14.53 seconds, surpassing the previous record of 14.6 seconds set by the Bugatti Veyron. The Guinness Book of Records has confirmed these results, and all data was measured and collected by a third party with the officially accepted Racelogic VBox performance recorder.
The Agera R will use an in-house developed 5.0-litre twin-turbo-charged V8 engine which produces 1,160 PS (853 kW; 1,144 hp) at 6900 rpm and over 1,100 N·m (810 lb·ft) of torque from 2700 to 6170 rpm. Max tourge 1200nm. The engine is capable of running on multiple fuel types and for countries that do not offer the Bio-fuels, the Agera R is able to run on normal 95 octane fuels, but power output is cut by about 100 hp (75 kW) and 100 lb·ft (136 N·m) of torque. Gear changes are made using a 7-speed paddle shift transmission, incorporating an e-diff.
In order to increase the performance aspect of the Agera, Koenigsegg developed a dynamic rear wing. Many sports cars use wings that lift automatically at high speeds, but the systems they use to do so are often cumbersome. The wing on the Agera R uses the pressure of the wind created at high speeds to force the wing downward and reduce wind resistance.
The 19-inch aluminium wheels at the front house 397 mm (15.6 in) ceramic brakes with six-piston caliper, while 380 mm (15.0 in) ceramics and four-piston calipers sit behind the 20-inch wheels at the rear.
Hennessey Venom GT
The Hennessey Venom GT is a sports car manufactured by Hennessey Performance Engineering.It was revealed on March 29, 2010.
The Venom GT is based on a highly modified Lotus Exige chassis. The Venom GT is powered by a twin-turbocharged version of the General Motors’ 7.0 L (430 cu in) LS7 V8 that can be found in the Chevrolet Corvette C6 Z06. The modified engine will produce 1,200 bhp (890 kW) and 1,155 lb-ft. Engine power output is adjustable by three settings: 800 bhp (600 kW), 1,000 bhp (750 kW) and 1,200 bhp (890 kW). The mid-engine V8 is mated to the rear wheels with a Ricardo plc 6-speed transmission. Hennessey claims that the car can achieve a top speed of 272 mph (437 km/h), although this has never been tested yet.
The Venom GT will have a production curb weight of about 2,700 lb (1,200 kg) aided by its lightweight carbon fiber bodywork and carbon fiber wheels. Braking uses Brembo 6-piston calipers in the front and 4-piston calipers in the rear. These calipers and 15 in (380 mm) carbon ceramic rotors provided by Surface Transforms deliver the Venom GT’s stopping power.
A programmable traction control system will manage power output. Computational fluid dynamic tested bodywork and down force also help keep the Venom GT stable. Under varying conditions on both the road and racetrack, an active aero system with adjustable rear wing will deploy. An adjustable suspension system will allow ride height adjustments according to speed and driving conditions. Michelin PS2 tires will also help put power to the ground.
The Venom GT was also featured on Jay Leno’s Garage and received favourable reviews from Leno.
On April 24, 2012, Turn 10 Studios announced on the official Forza Motorsport 4 Website that the Venom GT was to be featured as the headliner car for the upcoming May Top Gear Car Pack, to be released on May 1. The car is depicted in game with its maximum 1200 horsepower, and the rear spoiler fixed in the up position, with an in-game option to remove it.
The Audi R8 is a mid-engine, 2-seater sports car,which uses Audi’s trademark quattro permanent all-wheel drive system. It was introduced by the German automaker Audi AG.
The car was exclusively designed, developed, and manufactured by Audi AG’s high performance private subsidiary company, quattro GmbH, and is based on the Lamborghini Gallardo platform. The fundamental construction of the R8 is based on the Audi Space Frame, and uses an aluminium monocoque which is built around space frame principles. The car is built by quattro GmbH in a newly renovated factory at Audi’s ‘aluminium site’ at Neckarsulm in Germany.
Audi announced that the name of the successful Audi R8 race car would be used for a new road car, the Audi R8, based on the Audi Le Mans quattro concept car,Audi AG unveiled the Audi R8 V10 on 9 December 2008. It uses a 5.2 litre FSI engine, based on the unit in the Lamborghini Gallardo LP560-4 (which in turn was based on the 5.2 FSI V10 as used in the Audi C6 S6 and Audi D3 S8), but is re-tuned to produce a power output of 525 metric horsepower (386 kW; 518 bhp), and generate 530 newton metres (391 lbf·ft) of torque. Compared to the V8 variant, the R8 V10′s performance numbers are enhanced.
It was initially thought that this version of the R8 was going to have the same engine as the C6 Audi RS6, a 5.0 litre V10 TFSI twin-turbo engine, which produces 580 metric horsepower (427 kW; 572 bhp). However, some components of the twin-turbo system overheated, and one prototype was destroyed by fire at the Nürburgring. This model was shown at the 2009 North American International Auto Show.
Audi R8 popularity forces the top European tuners to create different customization options for that extreme car. Both interior and exterior design of the car could be changed in order to better the vision and make the car even more unique. Moreover packages to increase the overall performance are also available that enables the car to reach a maximum speed of around 40 km/h more than the non-tuning version. Also handling and braking are improved significantly.
Most popular tuning packages are:
Audi R8 Toxique
Audi R8 Supersport Edition
Audi R8 V10 Biturbo
Lamborghini Sesto Elemento
The Lamborghini Sesto Elemento is a two-seater, V10 high-performance lightweight limited edition car produced by Italian automaker Lamborghini, which debuted at the 2010 Paris Motor Show. The Sesto Elemento’s name is a reference to the atomic number of carbon, in recognition of the car’s extensive use of carbon fiber.
The Sesto Elemento is equipped with a 6-speed paddle-shift, semi-automatic transmission and all-wheel-drive system, mated to a 5.2-litre V10 engine borrowed from the Lamborghini Gallardo, generating 570 horsepower and 540 Nm (398 lb·ft) of torque. The chassis, body, driveshaft and suspension components are made of carbon fiber, reducing the overall weight to a mere 999 kilograms (2,200 lb), a weight comparable to subcompacts such as a Honda Fit.It is the lightest car Lamborghini has ever produced.
Air is released through 10 distinctive hexagonal holes in the engine cover, while two intakes funnel cool air into the mid-mounted engine compartment. The Sesto Elemento’s high amount of horsepower combined with low overall weight translate to a power-to-weight ratio of 1.75 kg/hp (3.85 lb/hp). Lamborghini claims a 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) acceleration time of just 2.6 seconds, and a top speed of 350 km/h (217 mph).
The car is featured in the video game Need for Speed: Hot Pursuit in the downloadable content (DLC) pack Lamborghini Untamed, alongside the digitalized Lamborghini Countach and Lamborghini Diablo SuperVeloce., and become a limited-buyable car in Car Town. The 2011 Lamborghini Sesto Elemento also made an appearance in the racing game Forza Motorsport 4. It is also featured in the racing game Need for Speed: The Run and on the PlayStation Vita racing game titled Asphalt: Injection. Recently, the car was featured in the racing game “Drag Race” for the Windows Phone. It also appears in Asphalt 7: Heat, which is available for mobile devices. It also appears in Need for Speed World the day of the second anniversary.